Prefabricated walls are prefabricated walls that are widely used in the construction industry today. There are many types of prefabricated walls. It is interesting to know that the prefabricated wall dates back to ancient Rome, but in Iran it is known as one of the newest building materials in the construction industry.
In fact, they are one of the best alternatives to traditional walls made of brick and mortar. Perhaps one of the most important advantages of a prefabricated wall is the speed with which it is constructed. In the following, you will get acquainted with the types of prefabricated walls and its advantages.
1- Prefabricated gypsum wall
Gypsum prefabricated walls are made of water, gypsum, and light fibers. It is better to note that the fibers used in it must be non-allergenic fibers. Also, gypsum grains used for prefabricated gypsum walls are fine gypsum. These plaster walls are made in such a way that males and females are locked together when placed next to each other.
To connect the prefabricated gypsum wall, a mortar made of gypsum is used and its joints are filled. One of the most important applications of prefabricated gypsum walls is the separation of the interior of the building and it should be noted that prefabricated walls are among those non-load-bearing walls. It is better to know that gypsum walls are also divided into different types such as solid, perforated, waterproof, etc.
Note that each type of gypsum prefabricated wall has different uses. This means that if you want the weight of the building to have the minimum possible weight, it is better to use perforated gypsum prefabricated walls, because the weight of this type of prefabricated wall is much less than other ones. Waterproof prefabricated walls can also be used for spaces in the building such as bathrooms and kitchens. Note that the thickness of this type of prefabricated walls is about 50 to 150 mm.
2- Prefabricated concrete wall
A prefabricated concrete wall is composed of cement, aggregate, water, etc. It is interesting to know that the use of concrete walls can significantly reduce the cost of the building. Because these types of prefabricated walls have an almost beautiful appearance. One of the most important features of prefabricated concrete walls is their cost-effectiveness and quick and easy installation.
It is better to note that prefabricated concrete walls can be ordered in different dimensions according to the space you want to use. One of the most important advantages of prefabricated concrete wall is its heat and sound insulation.
3- Prefabricated wooden wall
Prefabricated wooden wall is another type of prefabricated wall that is used in the construction of various types of wooden huts and wooden buildings.
4- Ionolithic prefabricated wall
Ionolite prefabricated wall is made of metal mesh and polystyrene foam or Ionolite. It is interesting to know that the use of ionolite in this type of prefabricated wall has waterproof properties. For this reason, the growth of various fungi is prevented. It is important to note that when you want to use this type of prefabricated wall in wet spaces, you must use galvanized steel to build its metal mesh.
It is also important to know that metal grids are connected by shear screws. Once these panels are in place, they are connected to the foundation using amateurs. Finally, after the installation process is completed, a coating called shotcrete is used to cover the seams.
Advantages of prefabricated walls:
It’s cost-effective compared to brick walls
High speed when building
Convenient and easy to install
According to all the explanations mentioned, prefabricated walls are one of the most popular building materials in the construction industry today. You can easily divide the interior and exterior of the building using these walls. Prefabricated walls have high resistance to heat, humidity, impact, etc.